What are bunions?
Bunions are a foot deformity caused by an inherited problem in the foot's mechanical structure. They appear as a bump on the outside of the big toe, but the bump is only an outward sign of changes in the bones' alignment. The disorder is progressive, and can be worsened by certain types of shoes.
Symptoms: The following symptoms at the site of the bunion may become worse with tight shoes or long periods of standing:
- Inflammation and skin reddening
- Burning sensation
What is the treatment for bunions?
Dr. Bier tries to avoid surgery whenever possible, and bunion care usually begins with non-surgical treatments.
- Non-surgical treatments: Monitoring the progress of the bunion periodically and wearing wide shoes. Extra padding in the shoe or custom orthotic devices are often recommended. Occasionally anti-inflammatory oral pain medication and ice packs are prescribed.
- Surgery: Recommended if the bunion interferes with normal activity. The surgery is done to reduce pain, and will remove the bump as well as make changes to the foot's bone structure.